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A brief history of Ndi Igbo

 The Igbo people (English: /ˈb/ EE-boh, also US/ˈɪɡb/; also spelled Ibo and formerly also IboeEboEboe,Eboans, Heebo;natively Ṇ́dị́ Ìgbò [ìɡ͡bò] (About this soundlisten)) are a meta-ethnicity native to the present-day south-central and southeastern Nigeria and also Equatorial Guinea. 

 There has been much speculation about the origins of the Igbo people, as it is unknown how exactly the group came to form.

Geographically, the Igbo homeland is divided into two unequal sections by the Niger River – an eastern (which is the larger of the two) and a western section.The Igbo people are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa.

 The Igbo language is a part of the Niger-Congo language family. It is divided into numerous regional dialects, and somewhat mutually intelligible with the larger "Igboid" cluster.

The Igbo homeland straddles the lower Niger River, east and south of the Edoid and Idomoid groups, and west of the Ibibioid (Cross River) cluster.

In rural Nigeria, Igbo people work mostly as craftsmen, farmers and traders. The most important crop is the yam.Other staple crops include cassava and taro.

Before British colonial rule in the 20th century, the Igbo were a politically fragmented group, with a number of centralized chiefdoms such as NriAro ConfederacyAgbor and OnitshaFrederick Lugard introduced the Eze system of "Warrant Chiefs".Unaffected by the Fulani War and the resulting spread of Islam in Nigeria in the 19th century, they became overwhelmingly Christian under colonization. In the wake of decolonisation, the Igbo developed a strong sense of ethnic identity.During the Nigerian Civil War of 1967–1970 the Igbo territories seceded as the short-lived Republic of Biafra. MASSOB, a sectarian organization formed in 1999, continues a non-violent struggle for an independent Igbo state

.-- Wikipedia

Most cultures mark the birth of a child, marriage and death. The igbo's are not exempted.

The Genesis

When is man is set to marry,he begins to search for a wife if he has no one in mind. He could involve his parents to help recommend families with good record from his home town or around.

Once he's made his choice,a secret investigation commences to either make findings about the prospective bride or  her family history. If the answers received on the quest matches their demands, the man askes his potential partner to marry him. Assuming that this is affirmative, the groom will visit the bride’s residence accompanied by his father. The groom’s father will introduce himself and his son and explain the purpose of his visit.

The bride’s father welcomes the guests, then call on his daughter to greet the guest.  He askes if she knows the groom to be and would love to be his wife . Her confirmation or rejection determines the next step. 

Bride price

 The bride’s price settlement (Ika-Akalika) starts with the groom accompanied by his father and elders visiting the bride’s compound on another evening.They bring a keg of palm wine and some kolanuts with them, which are presented to the bride’s father. After they have been served with a meal, the bride’s price is being negotiated between the fathers. 

The price is a fixed amount of money but varies in every town and eastern states. In addition other prerequisites (kola nuts, goats, chicken, wine, etc.) are listed as well. Usually it takes more than one evening before the final bride’s price is settled, offering guests from both sides a glamorous feast.

Ime ego /payment of dowry

The payment of the bride price/dowry takes place at the bride's compound in a different evening.

The said amount is handed over by the groom’s family and other items. The money and goods are counted, after all is settled, the traditional wedding day is planned. 

Igbankwu/Traditional Marriage.

"When you marry in igboland,you marry your in-laws as well."

The event is usually graced by Parents, extended family and villages, not just the couple and their nuclear family.  

Igba nkwu holds at the bride’s compound, where the guests welcome the couple and invite them in front of the families.the bride’s father fills a wooden cup (Iko) with palm wine and passes it on to the girl while the groom partially hides between the guests. It is the custom for her to look for her husband while being distracted by the invitees. Only after she has found the groom, she offers the cup to him which he sips the wine.  

Together the couple dance to return the cup and receive parental blessings.traditionally. During this ceremony, there is also the nuptial dance, while guests wish the newly weds prosperity by throwing money around them .

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